What is the International Space Station?
(Face Of Nigeria Blog News)- Funded by 15 countries and co-managed by 5 space agencies, the station also fulfills a mission of promoting space research and diplomatic cooperation, which is essential to hope to one day visit the Red Planet.
A mission far from superfluous, while Russia has just announced that it wants to build its own space station from 2025 and that China plans its own from 2022.
The ISS, for its part, could be extended until ‘in 2028, if international negotiations are successful.
Thomas Pesquet embarked on Friday for his second stay aboard the International Space Station.
Criticized for its cost, this gigantic space laboratory nevertheless represents a real success in terms of space diplomacy.
Admire 16 sunrises and sunsets per day.
This is the spectacle that Thomas Pesquet will find, who left for the International Space Station (ISS) on Friday, after the first launch was postponed due to bad weather conditions.
Located between 360 and 400 kilometers from Earth, the size of a football field, the ISS constantly alternates 45 minutes of darkness and 45 minutes of light due to its rotation around the Earth, which it accomplishes in 90 minutes .
A space station also very expensive, which required 150 billion dollars just for its construction and which is still financed to the tune of a hundred billion dollars per year, of which ten paid by the Europeans, in proportion to their investments . Its usefulness is therefore regularly questioned.
A station born from the Cold War, assembled for 27 years
The International Space Station project was launched in January 1984 by US President Ronald Reagan as part of the star race that then pitted the United States against the USSR.
After the fall of this one, and in front of the soaring cost of the station, President Bill Clinton invites Russia, in 1993, to join the project.
The first Russian and American modules were assembled from 1998, but the Columbia shuttle accident in 2003 delayed construction work on the station, which was joined by the European Union, Canada, Japan and Brazil.
The station finally opened its doors in 2011. It accommodates crews of 6 astronauts, divided into two teams, who take turns.
They wake up at six o’clock, details the European Space Agency , and meet at 7:30 am with the ground teams.
Until 6 p.m., they divide their time between scientific experiments, station maintenance operations and exercise physically, at the rate of 2.5 hours per day.